index‎ > ‎Life‎ > ‎Musical Institutions‎ > ‎

Esbart Català de Dansaires


With the Renaissance, Catalonia began a period of recovery and affirmation of their identity as a people. In one of its aspects, this movement represented a return to cultural roots of the village, which resulted in the recovery of popular traditions. Several aspects of this culture fields and soon knew a strong activity, such as storytelling or song.

Arrived in 1900, this activity came to the popular and traditional dance, and in 1902, Vic, took place the first performance of dances by some of dance enthusiasts who were members of the society viguetana "Old Catalonia" and was the flame that lit the fire beyond the area of ​​Vic. Three years later, in 1905, Section Hiker Folklòrica del Centre of Catalonia instituted a prize for best collection of Catalan folk dances.

With this background, it happened in 1907, the foundation of the first group dedicated to these activities within the framework of the Catalan Association of Reading, which was called "Esbart of dancers." Under the direction of Aureli Capmany, in collaboration with Rafael Tudo, make your presentation and first performance on January 25, 1908.

Soon after, there was a split between the two partners whose root Rafael Tudo founded Esbart Catalan dancers. On July 8, 1908, the company introduced its first new statutes. On 23 August the same year, he made his first dance, in private, in the Hall of Trials of Catalan Music Palace, newly opened, on 23 September, was officially presented as part of Palace of Fine Arts in Barcelona as part of the Fiestas de la Merce in Barcelona.

In 1909, Rafael Tudo resigned his post and, as the Catalan Association of Reading had been dissolved and she Esbart of dancers, one Aureli Capmany asked to do is the head of the Catalan Esbart of dancers, a position he gladly accepted. With it, Esbart began a period of intense activity which include the creation of the first pieces of clothing, in 1912. To this task he took as a sign the clothing used by the people of Catalonia in the late eighteenth century and the early nineteenth century. The same year, was made the flagship of the company, with a design that appeals the Masters Esbart gift after attending a session of beautiful dances. While the company publishes a collection of postcards with photographs of various dancers taken in Parc Güell in Barcelona. These images have been reproduced many times in books, journal articles or programs for various events.

In 1917, Aureli Capmany left his post was occupied by Blasco and Philip English, then one of the most advanced dancers. Under his direction, the momentum continued Esbart taken with Aureli Capmany and acted in a number of popular events, cultural and charity that culminated with the celebration of the Silver Anniversary, with a performance at the Palace of Catalan Music under the high patronage of the Government of Catalonia in 1933. The same year the Catalan Esbart Dansaires organized the Typical Wedding Mountain Village in Spanish that he repeated with great success in 1934.

It is worth noting that John Amades, partner Esbart Catalan dancers, was President in the period covering 1925-1926. It is itself the Catalan Esbart Dansaires where John Amades edit one of his works devoted solely to dance traditional dances. This work was published by the company in 1936 and includes a selection of traditional Catalan dances chosen from their extensive repertoire. We emphasize that the work can find historical data, music and, of course, the choreography, which enable easy reproduction of these dances.

The collaboration of the Catalan Esbart Dansaires in the bibliography of John Amades not end with this work. Later works such as the Festival of Catalonia called Guide, published by Aedo, in 1958, or Catalan Popular Ballets, published by the Institute-School of the Commonwealth of Catalonia, in 1937, are two examples.

The outbreak of the Civil War in 1936, deep compassion Catalan cultural life. However, in 1937, our Esbart have actively participated in several popular events. The end of the war and the political situation meant a further decline in the public life of our organization. They were difficult times, but that does not stop arrange the work begun thirty years ago. Thus, in 1941, began making the Archive of Popular Dance in Catalan-speaking Countries under the direction of Aureli Capmany, who seven years later offered a tribute on the occasion of his 80th birthday .

The Archive of Traditional Catalan dance, now called Archive Aureli Capmany in his honor, contains data for more than two thousand traditional Catalan dance. The information of the dances is not uniform, since while some can only provide the location and the date it was danced, others have complete all aspects of music, choreography, rituals, etc.. choreography as well as photos or graphics. The Archive of Traditional Dance is the starting point of numerous studies and work around the traditional Catalan dance and other subjects in which dance plays a specific weight. Throughout the year, the Section of Library and Archives serves and supports the information needs of academics, people involved with dance groups and the general public who need any information about dance.

Section Child Esbart Catalan Dansaires appeared for the first time during 1947-48 at the hands of Rosario Blasco. This initiative will resume later in 1964.

Gradually, "The Catalan" (as it is called Esbart Catalan Dansaires among the rest of the flocks), resume his public life, good and overcoming all obstacles that opposed providing impeccable and danced in several festivals, openings, testimonials, etc.. It should be noted in this new era, dances such as the restoration of fifty popular dances in Spanish Town (1952), the opening of the New Golf Club de Fútbol Barcelona (1957), the fiftieth anniversary of the Palau de la Musica (1960 ), The Tribute to the Old Age of the Barcelona Fire (1952), The Typical Wedding held at the Mountain Spanish Village (1962), following the precedent of the meetings in 1933 also should mention the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary during the first half of July 1958.

In 1963, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires began a new phase of its existence under the coaching of Alonso and Rosa Maria Solanes, which Esbart reached new milestones. The creation of the Children's Section Esbart Catalan Dansaires (1965), real squad of dancers. It is worth noting the participation of Esbart the Feast of St. George with the Patio de los Naranjos actions of the Generalitat of Catalonia during the seventies.

In 1980, the Work of the People's Ballet awarded the work of the Catalan Esbart dancers, with the distinction of Gold Almorratxa then created, in recognition of long and consistent history of profitable entity. The same year, Esbart was subject to an extensive article with graphic documentation, signed by Joseph Ventura, the magazine "We".

In December 1981, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires presented a communication to the Congress of Traditional and Popular Culture, organized by the Generalitat of Catalonia, entitled "The need to differentiate the public face of popular dance and traditional dance show ". The text of the paper served as the basis for drafting subsequent presentation called "We define ourselves."

Participated during 1982 in the Workshop in Manresa in the field of Dance / Esbarts of this Congress in two reports. First, he was part of the paper "should define ourselves," which developed the text had to be echoed in the novel subject matter. The paper formed the basis for further work and discussion of the scope Dance / flock of this Congress. Secondly, the paper "An alternative to Coble, the folk instruments."

On 23 September 1982, he appeared in the opening party of Miniestadi FC: Barcelona. During this last period, are stressed also accomplishments as the constitution, in the heart of Esbart, a gang of crows and a couplet of three quartans, expanding the repertoire of dances and costumes, with abundant historical and ethnographic documentation, as well as the home of several research papers. Thus, and since 1981, some members of the organization, along with alumni of the School of Geography and History at the University of Barcelona, ​​part of the team that draws the Catalan Atlas of Traditional Dance, which is published monographs relating to the Bolangera, The stick dance, dance the dance bands and Cerda.

In 1983, celebrated the 75th. Birthday Esbart Catalan Dansaires with a performance at the Palace of Catalan Music, a retrospective exhibition covering the history of the organization, and a series of conferences dedicated to traditional dance attire and, among other events.

Three years later, along with members of Team Atlas of Traditional Catalan dance, organized the Conference of study entitled "Methods and computer mapping applied to the study of Catalan dance." Since 1981, some members of the organization are part of the team drawing up the Catalan Atlas of Traditional Dance, which is published: The Bolangera, The stick dance, dance the dance bands and Cerda.

From the year 1988-89 and until the present, organize conferences, workshops under the name "The Coffee Esbart Catalan Dansaires" which deals with various dances from a standpoint historical, ethnographic, choreography and music, with an average of ten dances described and studied course. It is currently in its ninth year, totaling approximately during this year more than 100 dances for the sessions of The Coffee flocks have been teachers, dancers, dance instructors, teachers of primary and secondary education, historians, etc.. and students of the subject Ethnology of the Catalan School of Geography and History at the University of Barcelona. Some members of the Esbart participated in several round tables, conferences and workshops devoted to music, dance and popular culture.

The company is a founding member of the Department of flocks of the Work of the People's Ballet of the sub Esbarts dancers, entities to collaborate on gatherings, meetings or other initiatives.

In parallel, we must also mention the work of the Corps as a diffuser Dance dance both traditional Catalan in Catalonia with its actions on out. Lately, only to cite examples, should emphasize participation in the International Gatherings of the Sardana in Paris, Zurich, Toulouse, Florence and Hanover (1989, 1990, 1991, 1993 and 1995), the National Festival of Dance Sestao (1989 ) and Jumilla (1990) and the International Folklore Festival City v Malaga (1993), the activities in Prats de Mollo and Thuir, France (1995) or the Festival of the Peoples of Vitoria (1996.1997). In addition to the collaboration used in various events and festivals in Catalonia Esbart has participated since 1987 in the "Festival of Morning" at Plaza St. Jaime Barcelona on the occasion of the Feast of Mercy.

In 1993 the company launches two initiatives focused on internal Library and Archives, specializing in traditional Catalan dance.

In the first case, the purpose is to reorganize the existing material from the thematic point of view and that means at the same time a new body of bibliographic classification. This initiative includes also the purchase of new equipment is specialized on paper, photography, video. The aim ultimately is to promote a library completely specialized in traditional Catalan dance and support materials: clothing, music, customs, etc., in order to provide good service to the public that uses it.

The second line of action includes the location and organization of archive material of Catalan dance. In addition to the material in the Library, Esbart Catalan Dansaires care about collecting all the information about traditional Catalan dance: newspaper and journal articles, chapters or parts of monographs, reviews and reports from field work, images number: drawings, photographs, programs, celebrations, notes from oral information, etc.. All this material is classified and sorted according to various dance and dance to which they refer.

The same year, 1993, was awarded the Ateneo Esbart artistic creativity in the dance section, the work of recovery and dissemination of Catalan dances Disna the framework of the Coffee.

Also, in 1993, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires won the "Become Your Mercy" that gives the City Council for citizen initiative to do better in the Mercè Festival 1993. The winner of the initiative to organize a demonstration of traditional Catalan dances in programming the festival Mercèdansa 93. This sample consisted of present dancers from different towns and regions of Catalonia currently still dance their dances. In 1994, 1995 and 1996, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires organized, respectively, II, III and IV samples with the participation of different groups / people.

In 1995, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires was awarded the Premio Ateneo, edition 1993, artistic creativity, awarded to "The Coffee" in Catalan Esbart Dansaires by the Catalan Federation of Athenians on March 26 1995, in recognition of his teaching and dissemination of this activity.

Even during 1995, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires produced the project "Documentation Center of Traditional Catalan dance Esbart Catalan Dansaires" which was presented at the Second Congress of Popular Culture and Traditional Catalan on 17 February 1996 Banyoles, in the Ethnological Heritage area.

Currently, Catalan Esbart Dansaires continues to advance all its documentation, study and dissemination of traditional Catalan dance.

In this sense, The Coffee Esbart Catalan Dansaires has reached a new milestone in the year 1996 - 1997: the expansion of supply has, in addition to the usual course, since 1988 has organized ten sessions, has provided a new course that dealt with issues related to monographic traditional dance (the dance of documents and files, writing dance). With this expansion, the company aims to further, to fill the gap that currently applies to the study of traditional dance. This new program can be expanded further in the coming years makes Esbart Catalan Dansaires become one of the few organizations that are dedicated to teaching traditional Catalan dance.

Related documentation of traditional dance, Esbart Catalan Dansaires developed a project to create a database of traditional dance that also involves the creation of a tesarurus and a specialized vocabulary in the subject and the estimated make thematic papers eventually lead to a general bibliography. This project is detailed in the media that the company presented the Heritage Area of ​​the Second Congress of Traditional and Popular Culture (Banyoles, 16 February 1996) and edited the article for publication Item appeared in January 1997.

In 1998, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires celebrated the ninetieth anniversary of the foundation. For this reason we prepared a series of social, civic and cultural rights, among which are: The Morning of games and dances aimed at children and young people in the organization and the neighborhood, and I call the "Premio Rafael Tudo" with two sections: Dance and Barcelona. The dance section is granted to Mrs. Nuria Viñolas known for his study: Sant Feliu de Codines, traditions and dances.

Profit from experience and experience accumulated over the years, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires in 1998 published the manual for using the system description choreographic experiments and developed by The Coffee dossiers courses, entitled : Manual of traditional dance choreography description.

In addition to the aspects of the study and documentation, the organization takes part in various festivities, cultural and civic groups around the country. In Barcelona, ​​collaborates with the City on the Feast of Mercy: co-organization of the starting signal since 1993 and co-ordination and participation of the Morning Cannes since 1996, organizer of the events of the area since 1993 MercèDansa and space Merced Mediterranean Dance since 1999 and the gallop of Mercy since 1997, participation in the Show Entities Square Catalonia since its inception. On the Feast of Mercy, the company is also involved with the parade Easels cotton Authorities and the procession of Mercy, the Feast of Santa Eulalia, the procession of Corpus Christi, Feast of San Roque in the Plaza Nueva, Santa Lucia, etc..

Note also the wide participation of the Catalan Esbart Dansaires at parties and events of all kinds throughout Catalunyua and Spain.

In 2003 organized the Second Prize is awarded to Rafael Tudo study dance in fire: analysis of traditional dancing devils Penedes and Tarragona Ramon Vallverdú.

In 2004 on the occasion of the death of cinquentenari Aureli Capmany, Esbart Catalan Dansaires program a series of events in memory and claim your figure. that extend between 9 October 2004 to 24 September 2005. Among the program highlights the day contributions to the study of Catalan dance: meeting of unpublished and published inpublicats given to the authors will provide opportunity for projects, studies and investigations of any kind of Catalan dance, and make spread the ...

In May 2005, the Catalan Esbart Dansaires presented two papers at the Fourth Conference of the stick dance studio, organized by the Coordinator of bastoners groups of Catalonia, held in Cambrils, with the themes: The Dance Poles Barcelona guide and description of dances choreographed for sticks.

Since 2004, together with other entities within the Coordinator of Gang of Giants and Beasts of Old City, the company is working on the project of creation of the House of Entremeses Barcelona.

In April 2007, the `Esbart Catalan Dansaires part in the filming of` audiovisual work called "spotter" for the `artist Alberto Peral, that` s debut on 26 April `Reina Sofia in Madrid.

For over nine decades, have collaborated on many Catalan people. Noting it is unattainable, only, so to end this chapter and some names: Rafael Tudo, Felipe Blasco, Juan B. Christmas Appeal Mestres, Ezequiel Martin, Aureli Capmany, Jose Ventura, John Amades Ramon Violante, Louis B. Christmas Augustine Cohí-Grau, Luis Alberto, María Rosa Alonso, and a very long etcetera.

Throughout its years of existence, Esbart Catalan Dansaires keeps its founding objectives:

1 - Data collection on traditional Catalan dance, and matters related to this. This collection has been made by members over the years and gave birth to the Archives of Traditional Catalan dance, while he engruixint.

2 - The study of documentation in the Archives of Traditional Catalan dance, which is updated with information, little by little, it adds. The study is for both partners and people outside the organization and has led to studies, dissertations, college papers, articles, publications, etc..

3 - The disclosure made by the dancers, the Dance Corps and the Children's section, collaborating on numerous civic, sporting and cultural festivals, meetings, exhibitions, conferences, etc..

To conclude this brief history we add the last paragraph of the proclamation of the 75th. Birthday Esbart Catalan Dansaires was given by Mr.. Manuel Solé Cubeles and 15 September 1983 the City Council.

"Ladies and gentlemen, this 75th. Birthday, as part of this solemn historic Hall of the Hundred, I ask God for the many years of life Esbart Catalan Dansaires and ask for it, before the work made our institutions and government officials in the city and of Catalonia, a just and deserved distinction. Esbart The Catalan dancers, the four winds of the rose in art and culture, has proclaimed the gesture, the attitude and movement, as we are and who are the sons of Catalonia. "

Awards and prizes awarded to the Catalan Esbart Dansaires

Almorratxa Gold (1980), granted first by the Work of the People's Ballet

Become Your Mercy 1992, awarded by the City Council

Creativity Award 1993 Ateneo Art, awarded by the Federation of Athenians at the initiative of Catalonia's Coffee

Statement Esbart Catalan Dansaires as a Cultural Institution by the Government of Catalonia (1999)

Catalan Dance Medal, awarded for the first time for the Work of the People's Ballet (2001)

Medal of Honor of the City of Barcelona, ​​granted by the City Council (2008)

Centenary Trophy, awarded by the grouping of Esbarts Dansaires (2008)

Continuity Trophy, awarded by the Federation Sardanista of Catalonia and the Work of the People's Ballet (2008)

Silver Rose Award for the career and work towards the city, especially Old City, awarded by Barna Centre (2009)

St George Cross 2010, awarded by the Generalitat of Catalonia (2010)



Publications:

COL-LECCIÓ DE POSTALS.- Barcelona 1913 ( Col-lecció de 12 postals )

AMADES, Joan.- Balls Populars.- Tàrrega : Esbart Català de Dansaires, 1936

ESBART CATALÀ DE DANSAIRES.- Ballets populars catalans.- Barcelona : Generalitat de Catalunya. Institut Escola, 1937

La Cafetera de l'Esbart Català de Dansaires.- Barcelona : Esbart Català de Dansaires, 1988-2005

GARRICH, M., VIÑOLAS, A., VIÑOLAS, N.- Manual de descripció coreogràfica de dansa tradicional.- Barcelona : Generalitat de Cataluña. Centre de Promoció de la Cultura Popular i Tradicional Catalana; Tarragona : Edicions El Mèdol, 1999

VIÑOLAS, N.- Sant Feliu de Codines : tradicions i danses.- Barcelona : Esbart Català de Dansaires, 2001

GARRICH, M.- Els Cavallets Cotoners de Barcelona : cavallets, cavallins i cotonines.- Barcelona : Esbart Català de Dansaires, 2002

BARTOLOMÉ, J., BIGAS, A., GARRICH, M. GÓMEZ, J.- El Ball de Bastons de Barcelona.- A: IV Jornada d'estudi del ball de bastons.- Coordinadora de colles de bastoners de Catalunya, 2005

GARRICH, M, VIÑOLAS, A., VIÑOLAS, N.- Manual de descripció coreogràfica per a balls de bastons.- A: IV Jornada d'estudi del ball de bastons.- Coordinadora de colles de bastoners de Catalunya, 2005

VALLVERDÚ, Ramon.- Foc en dansa : anàlisi dels balls de diables del Penedès i el Camp de Tarragona (en preparació)

Aportacions a l'estudi de la dansa catalana : trobada d'inèdits, inpublicats i publicats (en prepararació)

CENTENARI: ESBART CATALÀ DE DANSAIRES.- Barcelona, Esbart Català de Dansaires, 2008.- CD Cobla Sant Jordi Ciutat de Barcelona, Director: Joan Gómez