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Gaietà Renom

Gaietà Renom (Barcelona, 1913 - 1997) was a catalan tenor who began his career before the last Spanish Civil War.

He first joined the Choir of St. Felip Neri in Gracia and then entered the choir of the Orfeo Català as a tenor, where he sang for more than 50 years, 25 of which as a tenor soloist for that vocal ensemble. The tenor was also part of the Orpheus Vocal Quartet. His facile voice and excellent diction allowed ​​him to interpret, under the baton of maestro Luis Maria Millet, much of the great oratorios, masses and concerts of classical European tradition, translated into Catalan. He recorded over 200 songs and sardanes by Catalan composers and poets.

He recorded (under his Spanish name: Cayetano Renom) two EP years the 1964 and 1966, with several songs as L'emigrant, Romanç de Santa Lucia or Abril, and another, also in 1964, with four pieces by Apel·les Mestres.

He will be remembered as a tenor voice that easy, gentle, melodious and perfect diction. First and solo singer after the Catalan Choral Society. Member of the Orpheus Vocal Quartet and, for many excellent successor to the famous Catalan tenor Emili Vendrell (1893-1962). And the reasons for not missing, as there is a strong artistic parallels between them. Both are forged within the atmosphere of the Catalan Choral Society, with the same teachers and they play the same songs, at times very close. However, to qualify Gaietà Renom liked and was defined as a continuation of the style of the great symbol was Emili Vendrell.

Barcelona's Ciutat Vella district, Gaietà Renom Garcia was born on 3 October 1913. But his childhood was spent in the popular district of Gracia, surrounded by some ambient music, because his mother liked to sing and made her hope that her son did too. As a child he attended the Christian Schools of La Salle. With 9 years began his musical career under the guidance of Fr. Richard Penina, Kapellmeister of the Choir of St. Philip Neri de Gracia, becoming singer of the choir of that church. He joined the Catalan Choral Society for two years and studied music theory and consolidate their training with an intense musical and psychological preparation of the master hand of Joan Salvat. At 18 years, part of the heart of the choir under the direction of master Lluís Millet (1891-1941), being then Emili Vendrell solo performances of oratorios and special. It was the beginning of a splendid career in the choir, which lasted 53 years.

All these musical activities he combined with the primary, the race of "Trade" (accounting, languages, typing ....), and later with the administrative tasks of the Barcelona Municipal Abattoir.

Their concerns make him expand his artistic and in 1933 entered as a first tenor in "Orpheus Vocal Quartet", next to Vincent Mariano, bass, Dalet Augustine, Joseph Monfort and baritone, second tenor. This training was established in 1929, he began to write all kinds of styles of music a cappella. His repertoire ranges from classics senior European religious music, to folk songs mainly Catalan with significant inroads into the world of jazz and even, very occasionally, advertising songs. At this time the Quartet and actions often make radio, both radio-Dean EAJ1 Radio Barcelona, ​​which he started in 1934 in studies of Casp-street, at the station from the Ramblas, EAJ15 Radio Association of Catalonia.

Then came the Orpheus often the fashion shows of the city, such as "The Rhine Gold" or the popular "Royal Farm" on Carrer Pelayo, who made coffee-concert sessions. It was in the last local and in his "Salon Doré" where, in 1935, Gaietà Renom met the famous composer and violinist Eduard Toldrà (1895-1962), acting in the first part of the program with his quartet rope after alternating performances with the Orpheus Vocal Quartet.

The events of the civil war shattered his career, both in terms of the Quartet as the Catalan Choral Society. However, when conditions permit went to the choir rehearsals in the basement of the Music Palace to protect themselves from frequent bombings.

After the conflict, the waters slowly returning to its margins. On a personal level, takes administrative tasks and in 1940 married a young woman in the neighborhood called Carmen Vallbona. In the field of art, began its activities with the Quartet. But with the Catalan Choral Society, the first post-war years are working very hard and anonymous. He knew very sorry to have to limit themselves to try, because I was not allowed to act in public. This unfortunate situation would last until the autumn of 1945 when they were authorized to resume normal activities.

Forced by circumstances, his work with the Orpheus Vocal Quartet, is moving more quickly towards interpretations of those years the dominant dance music: waltz, two-step, foxtrot, etc.. Thus, in the record in 1940 we find his first recordings on discs of 78 r. P. m. Course in the genre with such renowned conductor Martin de la Rosa and the most famous of the era, such as Andrés Ram, bizarre, Raul April (1911-1969), and other Fachendas . With this style of beats is noteworthy participation of the Quartet in several films, such as, "The deceased was a vivo" (1941), "Fixed price for a husband" (1941), "A husband less" (1941 ), "Captain stormy" (1942), "The teacher memorión", "Searching star" and "Garbancito de la Mancha" (1945), the first Spanish film and cartoon first recording as a vocalist Gaietà Rename, with the song in Spanish, "Waltz and March in the sword." Also worth noting is his speech in the movie "The drum Bruch" (1948). The forties are, the Quartet, the Golden Age of Jazz, with those matinees Sunday morning at the Tivoli Theatre and the Coliseum Cinema, presented by broadcaster Radio Barcelona, ​​Gerardo Esteban, which alternated with the best music of the moment, frequent being the Grand Casino, Plantation, Ramon Evaristo, Luis Rovira, Demon.

His consecration as a soloist in 1947 when he became the aforementioned Eduard Toldrà chose to interpret the Gran Teatre del Liceu in comic opera The giravolt May, along with singers from the likes of soprano Mercedes planting (1892-1976), the mezzo-soprano Conception Callao (1895-1959) and low Corbella Louis (1906-1956). This event opened the doors for her part as a soloist in most interpretations of chamber opera and oratorio to be performed in Barcelona.

Returning to his career record, is obliged to mention his first recording in Catalan, dating from 1946 with the Quartet and the themes "Palm Ball" and "Let the rice." The first was a resounding success, forced interpretation of the tents of the festivals and is still remembered today. But the popular outbreak occurred in 1950 when he recorded accompanied by orchestra, Sardana "is the Black Madonna," at that time a symbol of Catalan identity. It was the beginning of an unstoppable career of over a hundred songs and Catalan Sardana of Toldrà, Mulberry, with letters of teachers Segarra, Verdaguer or Maragall.

Within the genre of popular music, the Zarzuela was not their specialty and make only isolated performances, almost always charitable. But in 1958, getting sick in the renowned tenor Jerome Vilardell, was required to record the seal GIFT La Dolorosa, Los de Aragon, Molinos de viento blackberry and queen. However, the highest achievement in the same year won the role of Evangelist in recording the Orfeo Catalan and Catalan Passion According to St. Matthew J. S. Bach, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Palace of Catalan Music.

His contributions were not limited as soloist locally. On two occasions he went to Paris. The first time with the Catalan Choral Society performing Bach's Mass in B Minor, and the second with Eduard Toldrà to record for the French Broadcasting Retablo of Maese Pedro de Falla.

Gaietà Rename from the beginning was the word of Catalan radio, but one of the most celebrated performances in this way was in 1955 in the "Danzas and songs of Catalonia" that emit radio Barcelona, ​​attaining widespread, including However, achieving the same year the national award for best program ONDA regional songs. Also as a curiosity in the world of radio, remember that performance the quartet was a well known record advertising announcing, "Tailoring Casaramona the best of Barcelona."

Even in the late 50s and during the 60, we find Gaietà Vocal Quartet and the Orpheus at the hands of the employer and Ricardo rapsode Ardèvol, performing at various locations Festival of Catalonia, taking part in Masses and popular concerts.

However this important and broad musical background, he never considered as a professional artist. Argued, not representative and recorded when performing or receiving the record previously set forth, it was only a supplement to the work of administration he held until retirement.

In recognition of his work and its artistic merits, the Government of Catalonia was granted for 78 years the precious Cross of St. George, and was named favorite son of the City of Barcelona.

Rename Gaietà, died in Barcelona on 30 November 1997 at the age of 84 years.

Recenment has published an album in CD format with its first popular recordings sung in Catalan.